Blue how to save lots of money fast planet ii – openlearn – open university

Starting in the tropical coral reefs – the most diverse ocean habitat – a baby dolphin is taught the secrets of a coral how to save lots of money fast reef, as its family rubs against a particular gorgonian which may how to save lots of money fast have medicinal properties. On another reef, a tusk fish demonstrates a surprising level of ingenuity – tool use – as it uses corals as an anvil to break open how to save lots of money fast clams. In the seychelles, half a million terns nest on an island. Fledglings must eventually take to the wing, but danger lurks beneath the waves – metre-long giant trevally fish leap clear out of the water how to save lots of money fast to snatch the birds.

Phytoplankton produce as much oxygen as all the plants on how to save lots of money fast land and lie at the base of marine food chains how to save lots of money fast everywhere. Where the plankton thrive, fish thrive too, and ocean travellers will migrate thousands of miles to take how to save lots of money fast advantage of these productive seas. Predatory false killer whales off the coast of new zealand how to save lots of money fast are in search of dolphins. But when they find them, the whales team up with the dolphins to form super-pods – a formidable army to take advantage of the bounty of how to save lots of money fast these seasonal seas.

Ocean currents move heat around our planet and maintain a how to save lots of money fast climate favourable for life. But our ocean system, in relative equilibrium for millennia, is changing at a worrying rate. Deep in the polar north, we meet walrus mothers and their newborn calves, searching for an ice floe to rest on. But with rising temperatures, summer sea ice is retreating – their battles to survive are becoming ever harder. As we begin to understand the true complexity of the how to save lots of money fast lives of our ocean creatures, so do we recognise the fragility of their home. The deep

Mark is a polar oceanographer in the school of environment, earth and ecosystem sciences. His main research interests are how ice and ocean waters how to save lots of money fast interact, whether that be sea ice or glacier ice. This focus has led him to working extensively with autonomous how to save lots of money fast sampling vehicles and remote sensing technologies, and he has spent years in the arctic and antarctic. Mark has also contributed extensively to the environmental science curriculum how to save lots of money fast of the university and he has taking leading roles in how to save lots of money fast S111 questions in science, U116 environment: journeys through a changing world, S206 environmental science, U316 the environmental web and S808 earth system science. He has won four teaching awards including the times higher how to save lots of money fast education award for "most innovative teacher of the year".

Miranda is a behavioural ecologist in the school of environment, earth and ecosystems. Her main research interest is in animal behavior and communication how to save lots of money fast and much of her research has centered on understanding the how to save lots of money fast evolution of female mate choice in south african and north how to save lots of money fast american frogs and toads. She has also worked on communication in barn owls, duetting in bush shrikes, wave communication in giant water bugs and behavior and communication how to save lots of money fast in fiddler crabs. She is currently involved with research on the pollination of how to save lots of money fast snakeshead fritillaries by bumblebees on floodplain meadows and female mate how to save lots of money fast choice in fiddler crabs. Miranda has written material for several OU modules and is how to save lots of money fast currently a module team member on S295 (the biology of survival), S317 (biological science: from genes to species), S397 (terrestrial ecosystems) and SXE390 (environmental science project course).

Philip is a palaeoceanographer in the school of environment, earth and ecosystem sciences. His research interests involve reconstructing the ocean’s response to a wide range of changes in background how to save lots of money fast climate states – from very warm ‘greenhouse’ climates to the much colder-than-modern ice ages. This describes, in essence, the field of ‘palaeoceanography’. Philip’s research has a unifying emphasis on understanding links between how to save lots of money fast the biosphere, carbon cycling and climatic and oceanographic variability in warm and how to save lots of money fast cold end-member climate states. Another strand of his research aims to establish the role how to save lots of money fast of climatic and oceanographic change in structuring ocean ecosystems and how to save lots of money fast plankton evolution. He has produced teaching materials in oceanography and evolution across how to save lots of money fast the undergraduate curriculum, and is currently course team chair for S175 (the frozen planet), and team leader for the sediments & environmental change component of S209 (earth science) and the oceans component of S309 (earth processes).

Pallavi is an ocean biogeochemist in the school of environment, earth and ecosystem sciences. Her main research interest is in developing empirical relationships between how to save lots of money fast geochemical tracers in biominerals (such as plankton shells) and physical and chemical properties of seawater in which they how to save lots of money fast were formed. Application of accurately calibrated geochemical tools on fossil biominerals, allows us to quantify physical (such as temperature, salinity) and chemical (such as acidity, dissolved nutrients and concentration of ions, necessary for shell building processes) properties of seawater in the geological past, enabling reconstruction of oceanic environment beyond instrumental record. These historical environmental reconstructions underpin our understanding of past earth how to save lots of money fast climate history and interactions between the ocean, atmosphere and climate system. Her current research interests include: impact of ocean acidification on plankton shell; sensitivity of indian monsoon during warm intervals and abrupt global how to save lots of money fast climate events of the past; drivers of monsoon precipitation; ecological constrains on trace element incorporation in biominerals. She has written materials for several OU modules and am how to save lots of money fast currently working on S206 (environmental science), DST 206 (environment: sharing a dynamic planet), S309 (earth processes) and SDT306 (environment: responding to change).

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